Nama : Indah Febrina
NPM : 23210493
Kelas : 3EB17
The History name of Jakarta
Jakarta began in a small port at the mouth of the Ciliwung River about 500 years ago. For centuries this port city later developed into a bustling center of international trade. European authors report the 16th century mentions a city called Kalapa, which seems to be the main airport for a Hindu kingdom called Sunda, Padjadjaran its capital, located about 40 kilometers inland, close to the town of Bogor now. The Portuguese is a large group of people-the first Europeans to come to the airport Kalapa. The city was then attacked by a young age, named Fatahillah, from a neighboring kingdom with Kalapa. Fatahillah to rename Sunda Kalapa Jayakarta on June 22, 1527. This date is now celebrated as the birth of the city. The Dutch came in the late 16th century and then master the Jayakarta.
Jayakarta name was changed to Batavia. Batavia natural state swampy similar to the Netherlands, their homeland. They also build canals to protect from the threat of flooding Batavia. City government activities centered around the field, located about 500 meters from the city. They built elegant town hall, which is the position of the center of the city government of Batavia. Batavia city eventually developed to the south. Rapid growth resulted in rapid deterioration state of the environment, so that forcing the Dutch authorities to move the center of government activity higher lying areas. This region is called Weltevreden. In the spirit of Indonesian nationalism proclaimed by students at Batavia in the early 20th century. During the Japanese occupation (1942-1945), the name changed again to Jakarta Batavia.